The grasslands, floodplains and flood plain lakes of Assam provide ideal habitat for a wide variety of species. Kaziiranga, which has the largest grassland area left in the region, is one of the most biologically enriched forests in the world. It hosts almost two-third of earth’s Great One-horned Rhinoceroses population. Apart from that, Kaziranga is a precious destination for bird-watchers. It also has the highest density of tigers among protected areas in the world and has increasing population of elephants and wild water buffalo.
Kaziranga is a dense tropical moist forest criss-crossed by rivers and rivulets – which makes it inaccessible during monsoon. The park remains open for travellers from October end to April end.
Elephant Safari is the best way to explore Kaziranga’s wilderness. There is option for Jeep safari too. In November, the grass grows to elephant-high, making it a mysterious endeavour. From January, the grass burns off which increases the visibility.
Hiking is prohibited in the park to avoid potential human-animal conflicts. Observation towers are situated at Sohola, Mihimukh, Kathpara, Foliamari, and Harmoti for wildlife viewing.
Kazrianga National Park is a recognized birding circuit. With a variety of migratory birds and water birds, the best season for birding is from February to April. Lesser White-fronted Goose, Ferruginous Duck, Baer’s Pochard duck and Lesser Adjutant, Greater Adjutant, Black-necked Stork, and Asian Openbill stork migrate from Central Asia to the park during winter.
There are 23 villages bordering Kaziranga and at least four tea gardens, with another 30 villages close by; the total population in the immediate area of the park is about 70,000. There is a constant pressure of poaching, which is surely decreasing with the alternative economic opportunities offered by more than sixty self-help groups working among the villagers.
NH37 runs through the park connecting Guwahati – the state capital. Guwahati is well connected by air, rail and road to rest of India.
Nature Hunt Eco Camp, Kaziranga offers traditional staying and tent accommodations. Tariff starts from 1950.
Bonhabi Lodge is another popular accommodation at Kaziranga.
Wild Grass Resort is also a good alternative to stay at Kaziranga.